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Cycling around Georgetown, Penang

Cycling around Georgetown, Penang

    The system of bicycle sharing has gained huge popularity in various countries in the recent years, especially in small towns and new developments. As of 2013, more than 500 cities in over 49 countries have implanted some form of bicycle sharing system (Larsen, 2013). The benefits are both environmental and economical in a...
The Evolution of Public Space Design and Provision and its Usage

The Evolution of Public Space Design and Provision and its Usage

Traditionally, public housing development has been undertaken by the Housing and Development Board (HDB) of Singapore, to provide affordable and quality housing for the citizens of Singapore. In the recent years, in a bid to improve the quality and design of public housing, HDB has, through competitions, awarded firms from the private sector to design...
Spatially Defiant Practices in Singapore's Public Spaces

Spatially Defiant Practices in Singapore’s Public Spaces

In the planning of public space in Singapore, the hegemony of the planned space dominates the discussion. However, at the level of spatial practice, or the “lived” social dimension, the prescribed uses or desired social outcomes of the physical planned infrastructure are not always directly manifested or translated. This is possibly observed through the notion...
Hong Kong’s In-Between Spaces: Alleyway

Hong Kong’s In-Between Spaces: Alleyway

Hong Kong is a city known for its lack of space – both public and private. Some may argue that the government has provided sufficient public space in the form of recreational parks within the public housing estate and other sizable parks which includes Kowloon Park, Hong Kong Park, Victoria Park and Hong Kong Botanical...
Tactical urbanism in Singapore

Tactical urbanism in Singapore

Rising trend of tactical urbanism Tactical urbanism is a term coined by Mike Lydon [1] describing the deliberate short term action of local ideas, typically executed in form of lighter, quicker and cheaper interventions. These short-term ideas are often temporary and relatively inexpensive alterations to a public space, enabling direct community involvement to create and...
The evaluation of public space in Singapore’s housing estates

The evaluation of public space in Singapore’s housing estates

In Singapore, the role of public space within the public housing estates developed by the Housing and Development Board (HDB) has perceivably shifted in its approach.  This shift entails the role of public space from pragmatic considerations of ventilation and recreation, toward political and ideological representations of identity and community, and platforms for social interactions....
The Evolution of High-Rise Living in Singapore: A Hypothesis of what has changed.

The Evolution of High-Rise Living in Singapore: A Hypothesis of what has changed.

Singapore is a young nation but she has seen one of the most numbers of high-rise residential developments over the past few decades since she gained independence, alongside other developing countries in the Southeast Asia, and in China. Building typologies today are so different than when it was, more than fifty years ago, when Housing...
The public life of Sham Shui Po

The public life of Sham Shui Po

Sham Shu Po is one of the 18 districts in Hong Kong, and the poorest one. It is considered one of the areas with the highest population density, and also the highest poverty rate at 18.2% [1]. Despite its popularity with tourists, this district is concentrated in low-income families, new immigrants, street-sleepers, unemployed citizens, and the...
Creative Placemaking: Re-imagining urban spaces in Singapore

Creative Placemaking: Re-imagining urban spaces in Singapore

Shift from top down place management to bottom up placemaking As a rapidly developing city, Singapore has adopted a highly centralised approach to the planning of land-use since the 1960s. The Urban Redevelopment Authority of Singapore sifts out a quinquennial Master Plan to revise the use of Singapore’s limited land resources by dividing them among...
Towards high-density green living: Case studies of green vertical buildings

Towards high-density green living: Case studies of green vertical buildings

Out of the three main pillars of sustainable development for Singapore (figure 1), a major part of environmental sustainability in terms of the built environment comes from the BCA Green Mark Scheme as well as the ABC Waters Programme by PUB (Public Utilities Board). The Green Mark Scheme by Building Construction Authority (BCA) focuses on sustainability...
Unregulated but Dynamic:  Economy and Community within the Kowloon Walled City

Unregulated but Dynamic: Economy and Community within the Kowloon Walled City

BACKGROUND   Twenty years after its demolition, the Kowloon Walled City (KWC) in Hong Kong remains an intriguing example to urban planners and architects today. With 50,000 people and businesses housed in a mere 2.79 ha, KWC was the densest place in the world (1,920,000 people per km2). (Figures 1 and 2) KWC was originally...
Learning from the Dutch: A Case Study of Shared Inter-generational Living for the Young and Old

Learning from the Dutch: A Case Study of Shared Inter-generational Living for the Young and Old

In Singapore, the number of senior independent dwelling living has increased from 14,500 to 42,000 during 2000-2014. While the number of young people decreases continuously, the age group over 65 years who live independently is expected to increase up to 80,000 by the year of 2030. Due to the consequences arising from demographic change, such as poverty and loneliness among the elderly, there is an urgent need to find sustainable solutions to develop...

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