Hong Kong ©Ryu Itadani

Tokyo ©Ryu Itadani

Omotesando, Tokyo ©Ryu Itadani

“Considering the specificity of the urbanization in Asia and the debate concerning the Weberian question and Eurocentric values of the role of citizens, the phenomenon of “urbanization without cities”, or “cities without citizens”, has to be dealt with. The emerging role and values of urban and environmental movements, or the empowering community voices, have to be analyzed. The states need to pay more attention. The capacity of the metropolitan governance will determine the main characteristics of the Asian cities, in which the roles and values of empowering grassroots will shape the forms of the cities and the living qualities of the space. Certainly, the professional architects and planners have to interact through a participatory design process. This is the responsive design of the emerging civil societies in Asia.”

– Hsia Chu-joe taken from Struggling Critical Modernity through a Reflexive Mirror of Asian Architecture and Urbanism

This is part of a series titled: Invisible logic of the city featured on Asian Urban Epicentres. The aim is to draw attention to the varied and complex network of factors and conditions that contribute to affect the emergence of the urban epicentres. The collection of definitions will contribute to the understanding of contemporary Asian urbanism and the logic of the city – how it could think, behave and mutate in its own logic.  You are welcome to add more definitions.